Higher scores represented greater sexual intentions. Given the potentially different relationships that mothers and fathers have with their sons and daughters, we explored how support and involvement with mothers and with fathers moderated the associations between cultural orientations and familism values and sexual intentions. Higher scores indicated greater acceptance. During phone interviews, adolescents reported on the durations in minutes and the companions e. We also tested the moderating role of adolescent sex as part of our second goal. During the weeks following the home interview, 7 nightly telephone interviews were conducted 5 weekday nights and 2 weekend nights. Home interviews lasted an average of two hours for adolescents. Given the strong theoretical e.
Interviews were completed by families of the who agreed to participate. Hypotheses Drawing on cultural-ecological, sexual scripting, and risk and resilience perspectives and the empirical literature, we developed five hypotheses. Most parents had been born outside the U. Therefore, we included adolescent gender as a potential moderator of the associations among culture, family, and sexual intentions. We also tested the moderating role of adolescent sex as part of our second goal. Sexual intentions Adolescents reported on their intentions to engage in sexual intercourse e. The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at J Youth Adolesc See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Drawing on cultural-ecological Ogbu, and sexual scripting e. That is, the time spent with parents variable includes the proportion of time spent with both mothers and fathers i. Youth who describe more positive relationships with parents and spend more time with parents may be less motivated and have more limited opportunities to engage in deviant and risky behaviors. Results Overview The analyses are organized around the two study goals. Participants responded to items using a 1 not at all to 5 extremely often or almost always on each subscale. Families represented a range of education and income levels, from poverty to upper class. Parents reported on background characteristics and adolescents reported on their family relationships and cultural orientations and values. Fifth, because the transmission of values e. Further, Latino subgroups are diverse with regard to family background and cultural factors e. It is important, therefore, to examine the links between cultural experiences and sexuality within Latino subgroups. Three conceptual domains were assessed on this item measure: Eating meals and watching television were the most frequent activities for adolescents to engage in with both their mothers and fathers. Support for the role of culture in sexuality, particularly sexual decision-making processes, has been provided by qualitative work with Latina adolescents Villarruel, Measures All measures were forward- and back-translated for local Mexican dialect according to a procedure developed by Foster and Martinez Supportive relationships and shared family time may be related to more socialization opportunities and the transmission of values from parents to their children Christopher, Home interviews lasted an average of two hours for adolescents. Procedures Data were collected during home interviews and a series of telephone interviews. During the weeks following the home interview, 7 nightly telephone interviews were conducted 5 weekday nights and 2 weekend nights. From these data, time spent with parents was calculated. First, given previous findings linking acculturation and sexuality Adam et al.
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