Hypotheses There are multiple aspects of sex and contraceptive use. Neighborhood economic conditions of blacks explain a substantial amount of race-based variance in nonmarital pregnancy South and Baumer and attitudes related to early sex Browning and Burrington The specific analytic sample for each outcome is described in more detail in the next section. Safe to say this may not be the right time to choose to be the odd man out here Although teen pregnancy rates have declined dramatically among all racial and ethnic groups in the United States since their peak in the early s Kost and Henshaw , black teens have a pregnancy rate that is nearly three times higher than that of white teens Martinez et al. Similarly, we consider not only whether any contraception is used but also the method, method switches, method discontinuation, and so on. The question of whether poor women should bear children is at the heart of some ongoing welfare debates e.
We find that net of other sociodemographic characteristics and adolescent experiences with sex and pregnancy, black women spent less time in relationships and had sex less frequently in their relationships than white women, but did not differ in the number of relationships they formed or in their frequency or consistency of contraceptive use within relationships. The research literature has suggested that 1 young women see their mothers or women in their neighborhoods as role models and imitate their behavior Axinn and Thornton ; Brewster ; Newcomer and Udry ; Thornton and Camburn ; 2 the often lower levels of parental supervision in disadvantaged households permit earlier and riskier sexual behavior Meade et al. The new mood certainly raises challenges for the red-carpet reporters, none of whom is higher profile than E! We restrict our analyses to the first 12 months of the study, when response rates were highest. These behaviors then set the stage for future behavior in adulthood. The uncertainty and instability endemic to concentrated poverty Gottschalk and Moffitt ; Western et al. Was wokeness what that was, all along? However, hypotheses about how sex and contraceptive use change over time are more plentiful than evidence that can actually speak to these questions. Although teen pregnancy rates have declined dramatically among all racial and ethnic groups in the United States since their peak in the early s Kost and Henshaw , black teens have a pregnancy rate that is nearly three times higher than that of white teens Martinez et al. Neighborhood economic conditions of blacks explain a substantial amount of race-based variance in nonmarital pregnancy South and Baumer and attitudes related to early sex Browning and Burrington In addition, black women did not differ from white women in their number of discontinuations or different methods used and had fewer contraceptive method switches. This upstart has been scheduled in the news grid — with extreme lack of respect — merely hours after the Globes. Among women of all ages, the unintended pregnancy rate for blacks is more than twice that of whites Finer and Zolna , as is the percentage of unintended births Mosher et al. Hypothesis 1 Relationships and Sex: At its inception, the U. Hypothesis 4 Contraceptive Use and Method Instability: I mean, I guess it is, if you like having to wear sexy funeral attire to your works do, in the hope some of the senior management will stop assaulting underlings. These strong preferences for delaying childbearing and marriage translate to contraceptive vigilance, given that the vast majority of young women have had sex by their early 20s Finer and Philbin On average, black women have their first baby much earlier than white women at age We hypothesize that three broad sets of factors may lead to these black-white differences in sex and contraceptive use: Less frequent and less consistent contraceptive use. Because our study investigates black-white differences, we also excluded 97 respondents who did not identify as non-Hispanic black or non-Hispanic white see description of race in Measures section. Poverty-related structural disadvantages in black neighborhoods—such as lower-quality schools, fewer churches, fewer community centers or associations, and generally less-cohesive local networks—may contribute to so-called ghetto-related behaviors, including teen and nonmarital pregnancy, among residents Anderson ; Wilson More recent studies have also documented the persistence of these ideas Thorburn and Bogart Religiosity may have a differential racial impact on both young sex and contraceptive use.
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